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YEARBOOK

Fed Cup

 

The Federation Cup was launched in 1963 by the International Lawn Tennis Federation as a worldwide team competition for women in the spirit of the Davis Cup but with a slightly different format. Until 1994, all entrants gathered at one site to play an elimination tournament.

Beginning in 1995, the Federation Cup’s name was shortened to Fed Cup and the format was altered to consist of the eight strongest nations, based on the previous year’s performances, playing in World Group I on a home-and-away basis, with the next eight strongest playing in Group II. The format has been adjusted several times since 1995, but the original 1995 format has been used since 2005, with the top eight nations competing in World Group I (in three rounds) for the Fed Cup trophy while the eight nations in World Group II compete for promotion to World Group I.

The U.S. team of Billie Jean Moffitt (who became Ms. King), Darlene Hard and Carole Caldwell (who became Mrs. Graebner) won the first Federation Cup in London over Australia in the final, 2-1. The U.S. captain was William Kellogg and the chairman was Mary Hardwick Hare, a major proponent of the Cup. Although the first matches were played in June of 1963 at Queen’s Club, they took place indoors because of rain. Sixteen nations participated during the inaugural year.

Only 11 countries have won the Fed Cup: the United States with 17 victories; Australia with seven; Czechoslovakia/Czech Republic with six; Spain with five; Russia with four; Italy with three, France and Germany with two; and Belgium, the Slovak Republic and South Africa with one.

Championship Rounds
1963 United States 2, Australia 1
1964 Australia 2, United States 1
1965 Australia 2, United States 1
1966 United States 3, Germany 0
1967 United States 2, Great Britain 0
1968 Australia 3, Netherlands 0
1969 United States 2, Australia 1
1970 Australia 3, Germany 0
1971 Australia 3, Great Britain 0
1972 South Africa 2, Great Britain 1
1973 Australia 3, South Africa 0
1974 Australia 2, United States 1
1975 Czechoslovakia 3, Australia 0
1976 United States 2, Australia 1
1977 United States 2, Australia 1
1978 United States 2, Australia 1
1979 United States 3, Australia 0
1980 United States 3, Australia 0
1981 United States 3, Great Britain 0
1982 United States 3, Germany 0
1983 Czechoslovakia 2, Germany 1
1984 Czechoslovakia 2, Australia 1
1985 Czechoslovakia 2, United States 1
1986 United States 3, Czechoslovakia 0
1987 Germany 2, United States 1
1988 Czechoslovakia 2, Soviet Union 1
1989 United States 3, Spain 0
1990 United States 2, Soviet Union 1
1991 Spain 2, United States 1
1992 Germany 2, Spain 1
1993 Spain 3, Australia 0
1994 Spain 3, United States 0
1995 SPAIN 3 United States2
1996 UNITED STATES 5, Spain 0
1997 FRANCE 4, Netherlands 1
1998 Spain 3, SWITZERLAND 2
1999 UNITED STATES 4, Russia 1
2000 UNITED STATES 5, Spain 0
2001 Belgium 2, Russia 1
2002 Slovak Republic 3, SPAIN 1
2003 France 4, United States 1
2004 RUSSIA 3, France 2
2005 Russia 3, FRANCE 2
2006 Italy 3, BELGIUM 2
2007 RUSSIA 4, Italy 0
2008 Russia 4, SPAIN 0
2009 ITALY 4, United States 0
2010 Italy 3, UNITED STATES 1
2011 Czech Republic 3, RUSSIA 2
2012 CZECH REPUBLIC 3, Serbia 1
2013 ITALY 4, Russia 0
 

*Host nations are capitalized. Most finals took place in countries of neither participant.

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