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Welcome to the United States Tennis Association (USTA) Officiating family, which includes more than 3,000 officials throughout the continental U.S., Hawaii, Alaska and Caribbean. Our officials work events at all levels of tennis, from sectional tournaments and junior events to ATP and WTA events and Grand Slams. No matter what their experience or career aspirations, all officials share one thing: the love of tennis.


Community pathway


All officials begin at the community pathway by gaining experience and knowledge. Community events include USTA-sanctioned junior and adult tournaments, district and sectional events, collegiate events and national championships.

Professional pathway


After gaining experience as an official in community events, some officials may choose to look toward the professional pathway. Similar to tennis players, officials begin working at lower-level Pro Circuit events before moving to ATP/WTA events, Davis Cup and Fed Cup and Grand Slam tournaments.

Officiating Roles

Roving Umpire. A roving umpire is an official other than the referee or deputy referee who exercises jurisdiction over one or more courts. Roving umpires are responsible for setting up the courts, maintaining proper warm-up and rest-period times, resolving scoring disputes, controlling spectators and enforcing the rules of tennis.

Chair Umpire. A chair umpire is the official responsible for conducting one match in accordance with the ITF Rules of Tennis and USTA Regulations.

Line Umpire. A line umpire is an official responsible for calling all shots directed to the lines assigned to the official.

Chief Umpire. A chief umpire is an official responsible for hiring the officials. In many tournaments, the referee will delegate to the chief umpire the responsibility for assigning, replacing and reassigning officials.

Referee. The referee is generally responsible for supervising all aspects of play and assuring that the competition is fair and played under the ITF Rules of Tennis and USTA Regulations.

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